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"'Women,' added he
[Matonabbee, Hearne's Chipewyun guide], 'were made for labour; one of them
can carry, or haul, as much as two men can do. They also pitch our tents,
make and mend our clothing, keep us warm at night; and, in fact, there is
no such thing as travelling any considerable distance, or for any length
of time, in this country, without their assistance. Women', said he again,
'though they do every thing, are maintained at trifling expense; for as
they always stand cook, the very licking of their fingers in scarce times,
is sufficient for their
Samuel Hearne, Oct. 1770
"Girls should be educated to fit them for the
sphere of life for which they are destined– that of the
Adelaide Hoodless, 1897
1898 LAC National Council of Women
THE WHITE SLAVE
1. One little girl, fair as a
Worked every day in a
All that she made, for food she
So she slept on a park bench so
An old procuress spied her
And whispered softly in her ear:
COME WITH ME NOW MY
DON’T SLEEP OUT IN THE COLD
YOUR FACE AND TRESSES
WILL BRING YOU FAME AND GOLD
AUTOMOBILES TO RIDE
DIAMONDS AND SILKS TO WEAR
YOU’LL BE A STAR BRIGHT, DOWN IN THE
YOU’LL MAKE YOUR FORTUNE THERE
2. Same little girl, no more a
Walks all alone by the
Five years have flown, her health is
She would look at the water and
Whene'er she'd stop to rest and
She'd hear a voice call from the
3. Girls in this way fall
And have been falling for
Who is to blame? You know his
He's the boss who pays starvation
A homeless girl can always
Temptations calling everywhere.
Joe Hill, "The White Slave", Industrial
Worker "Little Red Songbook", 6 March 1913.
"John Tightwad, bachelor, in Saskatchewan . .
. promised Jennie Armstrong to endow her with all his worldly good. The
fact they consisted of one homestead, a little cold, leaky-roofed shack, a
yoke of oxen, and some machinery with chattel mortgages against it, did no
dim the splendor of the promise in Jennie's eyes."
"The first year of her married life Jennie
Tightwad found that what she had looked upon in the past as hard labor had
been luxurious leisure compared with her present employment. She worked
early and late, helping John in the fields when her work was done in the
house. . . That fall, thru their combined efforts, they cleared off a
large part of the debt on the hired machinery. Jennie had saved her
husband the salary of a hired man . . . She was not offered any of the
crop returns nor was she consulted upon the disposition of
"Fifteen years drifted along and at the end
of that time John Tightwd owned two sections of land, clear, many head of
stock, a splendid barn, a fair sized house and six children. All that
Jennie owned of this was her rather dowdy wardrobe. She hadn't even a
legal share in the children. When she wanted money she had to beg John to
let her have it and there was always a scene and a wrangle."
"Rumors began to reach Jennie of John's
attentions to a certain pretty window who had taken up residence in the
district. . . John disappeared with the window after having sold his farm,
stock, house and furniture . . . He was safely out of reach, and now the
law which, during her residence with her husband refused her any claim on
the children, suddenly changed its tactics and demanded that she support
them, after they were turned off the homestead."
Women war workers at the
Northern Electric Co. Ltd. Factory, Montreal, 1916, LAC PA-024627
La victoire en chantant : revue in 20 acts.
LAC, Acc. No. 1983-28-4042, Edouard Bernard, 1914-1918
"Few women are enrolled among the makers of
Canada. Yet in all save the earliest years they have formed nearly half
the population and have done almost half the work. But historians and
businessmen tell us little of the part they have played. The woman's stage
was set not in the limelight but in the
Isabel Skelton, The Backwoodsman, 1924
"To have part of life can never be enough,
one must have all. That is what I want for
"What women want is not deference but
equality. The old fashioned chivalry [flowers] is all hollow. It means
nothing except that men think women
"When I hear men talk about women being the
angel of the home I always, mentally at least, shrug my shoulders in
doubt. I do not want to be the angel of any home; I want for myself what I
want for other women, absolute equality. After that is secured then men
and women can take turns being
Macphail, H or Cs, 26 February 1925
"Whereas men naturally place business
values, economic values first, we women naturally place the emphasis on
human values. So I wish to push human values to the forefront of
Agnes Macphail, 7 June 1925
"One lone woman in Parliament
When the miners were hungry
She never did fail
for the starving
With their empty dinner pail
God give us more
Agnes Macphail papers
"I would certainly hate to see a good woman
wanted there [in the Senate]. It is a useless institution and appointment
to it would be like being placed on a shelf prior to burial."
Agnes Macphail, 1929
Women Canadian Olympic Team. LAC, PA-053427 21
"I am a feminist and I want for women the thing
men are not willing to give them – absolute equality. We will not get it
this year, but will get it
Agnes Macphail, Toronto Mail, 16 January 1931
"Men long ago decided that women's sphere
was anything he did not wish to do
Nellie McClung, In Times Like These
"Why has Canada but one woman M.P., but one
Senatoress? Why do the churches still refuse to ordain female priests and
parsons, the courts to provide female judges only for juveniles? Why
during the depression have married women been thrown ruthlessly out of
jobs to make way for unemployed men? Why have single women to fight
against such severe odds to gain the highest executive positions where
only those of the most outstanding ability and endurance can succeed? And
why do all women in business consistently receive less recompense than men
for doing precisely the same work, for accepting precisely the same
responsibilities? On what other grounds than a widespread belief that
women are inferior; that, in fact, this is a man's world?
Benge Atlee, Should Women Be Men?, Maclean's Magazine, 15 April
1938 National Federation of Liberal Women of Canada
Three Women. Soviet Russia's stirring tribute to women.
LAC, Acc. No. R738-90R Sydney Newman and Nathan Petroff 1939
Bibliothèque National du
For more wartime magazines visit: http://elinorflorence.com/blog/117839
War artist Molly Lamb, 1945, LAC PA-113772
"Women have fallen below the standard of
citizenship which those who fought for the suffrage set for them. Women in
politics have not flopped, because women politicians have on average
exceeded their male counterparts, but there have been too few of them.
These things take
Agnes Macphail, 22 November 1946
"Maternity is the ultimate destiny of women
and signifies the flowering of her
La Mère canadienne et son enfant, 1946
"Whatever she does woman must do twice as well
as any man to be thought of just half as good . . . luckily it's not
Charlotte Whitten, Mayor of Ottawa
Bride Promise to Obey?
Bulk of Voters Say She
"Some people feel the word 'obey' should be
omitted from the marriage service. Others think the wife should promise to
obey. What are your views on this?"
Want "Obey" omitted . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . 31%
Want it retained . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .44%
"Both should promise to obey" . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . 6%
Qualified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . 2%
Undecided . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . .17%
omit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Should not omit . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . 49% 40%
Both should promise . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5%
Qualified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 1% 2%
Undecided . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 19% 15%
Gallop Poll of Canada, The Montreal Daily Star, 15
"A woman is regarded as a second-rate
substitute for a man. The dice are loaded for half the population. The men
want to hog everything. They want all the gravy, the gravy boat and the
Agnes Macphail, 16 September 1949
"I can't be a rose in any man's
"There are fifty-six whopping cranes in
Canada, and one female
Barbara Frum, Chatelaine, October 1971
Women march on Court House - Demonstrations
protesting arrest of Dr. Henry Mortgentaler on abortion charge. John
Daggett, LAC PA-164027, 12 June 1970
Royal Commission of the
Status of Women 1970 e010858739
19 Sept 1974 LAC Acc. No.
"Being a career woman
is harder than being a career man. You've got to look like a lady, act
like a man, and work like a
Margot Kidder, The Toronto Star, 18 August 1979
Here's One Small Reason Why You Shouldn't Have an
Abortion : advertisement poster for Right to Life. LAC, Acc. No.
1980-86-5, Fred Bird 1981
1985 LAC Acc. No. 1985-153-4
1990 Kim Campbell Barbara
Woodley Labatt Breweries LAC PA 186869
"Society has yet to
develop a better method to care for the young, protect the weak and attend
C Grendolyn Landolt, (REAL Realistic, Equal, Active for
The Globe and Mail, 23 April 1987
"Abortion is a decision between a woman, her
Ralph Klein, The Globe and Mail, 7 April 1995